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How to Do Research: A Step-By-Step Guide: 5a. Avoid Plagiarism
Know the difference between quoting directly,paraphrasing, and summarizing.
Take clear notes, using quotation marks when copying someone else's words.
Know when to quote, e.g.: a direct quotation, a paraphrase of another author's argument, a summary of someone else's argument even if it's in your own words.
Use quotation marks around text that has been taken directly from the original source.
Note that changing someone else's words around or merely substituting synonyms for their words is still plagiarism.
Cite every source of information you use in your paper unless it is common knowledge or the results of your own research.
Remember to cite Internet sources, the minutes of meetings, speeches, films, TV shows and ads, and anything else that is someone else's work.
Plan ahead! Many people who plagiarize simply ran out of time when they were up against a deadline.
"Avoiding Plagiarism," an interactive tutorial from the Greenwood Skills Center, provides additional information about defining plagiarism, quoting, summarizing, paraphrasing, appropriate citing, and tips to avoiding plagiarism.
Created by the Vaughan Memorial Library at Acadia University, this tutorial suggests that researching ethically is also researching efficiently. You'll learn how to avoid plagiarism and also pick up some good research tips.
Real World Examples
Think plagiarism is just an issue for college students writing research papers? Think again! Check out these real world examples of celebrities being accused of plagiarizing.
Plagiarism is a serious form of academic dishonesty, defined as "The action or practice of taking someone else's work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one's own; literary theft." (Oxford English Dictionary) Most students can give a definition of plagiarism, but some still commit plagiarism unintentionally because they're in a hurry, or they don't really understand what constitutes plagiarism and what doesn't. Unintentional plagiarism, however, is still plagiarism.
Plagiarism is an example of academic dishonesty. According to the EC Code of Conduct:
Academic dishonesty is a serious violation that is counter to the purposes and aims of Elmira College.
Plagiarism may take many forms:
copying information directly without providing quotation marks,
failing to cite sources,
citing sources incorrectly
using someone else's idea or work as your own without acknowledgement, or
submitting the same work for multiple courses.
It does not matter whether you intended to plagiarize or whether the plagiarism occurred unintentionally; it still constitutes academic dishonesty. Ignorance of the rules of correct citation is not an acceptable excuse.
Plagiarism and other forms of academic dishonesty can subject a student to disciplinary action.