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How to Do Research: A Step-By-Step Guide: 5e. APA Formatting

How to do research

APA Formatting

APAPublication Manual of the American Psychological Association

Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2010

Permanent Reserve -- ask at Library Services Desk.

 

Margins

  • Use 1" margins for the entire document.
  • Use a 1/2" indent for every paragraph and footnote.
  • Indent set-off quotations 1/2" from the left margin.

Text Formatting

  • Use 12 pt Times New Roman font.
  • Do not justify the text or use hyphenation.
  • Double-space the text, title, headings, footnotes, quotations, references and captions.
  • Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks.

Page Header (Running Head)

  • Include a running head on every page.
  • Page number should be flush right.
  • Type the entire title in capital letters. Title should be flush left.
  • Shorten the title if necessary. It cannot exceed more than 50 characters.

Title Page

  • Title should not include abbreviations or exceed more than 12 words.
  • Title should be typed using upper and lower case letters.
  • Center the title and position in the upper half of the page.
  • Center the author's name directly under the title.
  • Format the name omitting titles (dr, prof, etc.) and degrees: First name, middle initial, last name.
  • Center the insitutional affliliation directly under the author's name.
  • Author's notes are not required for dissertations and theses.

Abstract

  • Begin the abstract on a new page.
  • Identify it with the running head or abbreviated title and the page number 2.
  • Label the page "Abstract" in upper and lower case letters, centered, at the top of the page.
  • The summary itself should be single spaced without indentation.

Introduction

  • Begin introduction on a new page.
  • Identify it with the running head or abbreviated title and the page number 3.
  • Type the title of the manuscript in upper and lower case letters, centered, at the top of the page.
  • The summary itself should be single spaced without indentation.

Manuscript Content

  • The remaining sections of the manuscript follow each other without a page break; do not start a new page with a new heading.
  • Each manuscript page should carry the running head and a page number.

Footnotes

  • Number all footnotes consecutively in the order in which they appear in the manuscript with superscript numerals.
  • Place the footnote at the bottom of the page on which it is discussed.
  • Alternatively, footnotes can be placed on a separate page after the references.

Appendices

  • Begin each appendix on a new page.
  • Center the word Appendix and the identifying capital letter (A, B, etc.) at the top of the page.
  • Center the title of the appendix, and use upper and lower case letters.
  • Begin the text of the appendix flush left, followed by indented paragraphs.

 See the sample APA Style paper at the Purdue OWL.

NOTE: EasyBib, RefMe, and Zotero will help you format your entire paper in APA style.

In-text citations in the body of your manuscript point the reader to specific sources listed in your References. They usually include:

  • author’s last name
  • title (if no author is given)
  • publication date
  • page numbers

Examples

Author's name in text
Author has expressed this concern (1995, p.128).

Author's name in parenthetical reference
This concern has been expressed (Baily & Sage, 1988, p.128).

References provide bibliographic information for the sources you used, thereby allowing your reader to identify and locate those materials. To format the page:

  • Begin the list on a new page at the end of your paper
  • Use 1" margins
  • Include the Running Head
  • Center the References title
  • List sources alphabetically
  • Double space within and between entries
  • Indent entries longer than one line by 1/2"
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